In addition to the physical murder of Papuans, already amounting to genocide, the more serious and greatest threat to Papuans is the effect of transmigration.
Indonesia is essentially trying to ensure that within a few years the indigenous population will be outnumbered by the immigrant Indonesians from Java. If there is a referendum at that point, the Papuans will lose as a minority in their own land.
Immigrants now control 80% of the businesses and there is increasing pressure for Papuans to convert to Islam.
I’ve visited West Papua numerous times and lived there for several years. In the 70s the vast majority of the population were indigenous. If you visit now, I would say it is getting close to 50/50.
|1971||887,000 (96%)||36,000 (4%)|
|1990||1,215,897 (75%)||414,210 (25%)|
|2000||1,505,405 (68%)||708,425 (32%)|
|2005||1,558,795 (59%)||1,087,694 (41%)|
|2010||1,760,557 (49%)||1,852,297 (51%)|
|2020||2,112,681 (29%)||5,174,782 (71%)|